Tips for Capturing Great Wildlife Photography on an African Safari

This shot could only be achieved with a long lens.

Editor's note: This is the first time we've run a guest post on Travel Past 50, and the first time we've run a story about a destination we've not yet visited. But we know from our readers' interest in photography that this helpful column by our friend Susan Portnoy will be great appreciated. Her beautiful work and expert advice are inspiration, whether you’d are shooting close to home or on safari. Read these tips, admire the photos, go grab your camera and have fun. See more about Susan at the bottom of this post.

By Susan Portnoy, The Insatiable Traveler
Wildlife on an African safari is nothing less than spectacular, but creating truly memorable images can be challenging. Animals don’t appear on command, and when they do, making sure we get a great photo isn’t high on their list of priorities. Professional wildlife photographers hedge their bets. They know that planning ahead is just as important to successful photography as what you do in the moment.

If you’re thinking about booking a safari, consider the advice below before you hop on a plane, and follow my tips for capturing beautiful images once you’re there.

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Bring a long lens
If you really want to capture compelling photos, bring a long lens. Can you take beautiful photos without one? Sure. But your odds go up dramatically with a longer lens because it gives you the flexibility to shoot images with more variation. I love the Canon 200-400mm f/4L IS USM lens. It’s easy to use and has a built-in 1.4 converter which extends the focal length to 560mm. It’s heavy (8 lbs) but it’s worth the sore muscles.

An example of a detail shot

If you don’t own a long lens–and most people don’t—I recommend renting. You can get a fantastic lens for a fraction of what it would cost to purchase. I’ve used Borrowlenses and LensRentals depending on which had the better prices. Both are equally good and will ship straight to your door.

Bring two camera bodies
In an ideal world, it’s best to have two camera bodies at your disposal, one equipped with a long lens and the other with a wider angle. Wildlife sightings can change quickly, two cameras allow you to be nimble and not miss shots switching out lenses. As with a long lens, consider renting a second body just for the trip.

Arrange for a private vehicle
The norm on safari is guests share vehicles. It’s a great way to meet new people and share an amazing adventure. That said, it also requires compromise. If you want to look for leopards when your jeep mates want to see elephants, you’ll have to be flexible. It also means if you want to stay and watch a sighting and they want to go back to camp, it can be challenging. A private vehicle enables you to dictate your game drives. It’s not an inexpensive option, but if it’s in your budget I highly recommend it.

What is actually a yawn looks more like a roar.

Choose camps that…
* Have a watering hole
A camp with a watering hole means thirsty animals come to you, increasing your opportunities to snag a decent photo. Watering holes are positioned far enough away from guest tents to be safe but close enough to be able to photograph the ebb and flow of wildlife throughout the day. At Swala Camp in Tanzania, I watched 30 bull elephants for over an hour vie for dominance. At night, a pride of roaring lions lulled me to sleep. At Molori Safari Lodge in South Africa, the main deck in front of its watering hole was my go-to spot for photos of elephants, zebra and a wide-range of other species.

Two lions from the same pride nuzzle each other hello on top of a mound.

* Have a hide
If you’re already talking watering holes, you might as well see if the camp has a hide too. Saruni Samburu in northern Kenya and Mashatu Tent Camp in Botswana have hides strategically placed around watering holes so guests can get really close safely. The proximity is perfect for capturing more intimate photos.

* Can go off-road
There are two kinds of camps: those which can drive off road to follow an animal, and those that cannot. The reasons vary depending on regional laws and whether a camp is located on private or public property. The benefit of going off road is that you can get closer to a sighting. That said, if the camp you want doesn’t offer it, don’t fret, it’s not a deal breaker. I’ve been happy with my photographs either way. But if everything is equal and you can go to a camp where off-roading is permitted, do it.

If there is something for a cheetah to climb on, it will.

* Have special features geared towards photography
Some camps offer unique features catering to photographers of all levels. At Mara Plains and Ol Donyo in Kenya, owners Beverly and Dereck Joubert, famed wildlife documentarians and National Geographic artists in residence, have created three-day workshop for guests under the Wild Studio banner. (It’s an additional fee and can be arranged when you book your reservation.) A professional photographer will work with you to create a noteworthy portfolio of images. There are also helpful editing sessions and technical support if needed. Both camps, whether you take the workshop or not, provide basic camera equipment for each tent and use vehicles modified with customized camera supports.

At Singita Ebony and Boulders Lodges in South Africa, the camps have photographic gear you can rent by the day or for the duration of your trip. It’s a wonderful alternative to lugging gear from home. They also have 27” iMac computers with Retina displays loaded with the latest versions of Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop.

When you’re in Africa

Know your gear
Whether you’re using an iPhone or a top of the line DSLR, don’t wait until you’re in Africa before familiarizing yourself with how your gear. Nothing is worse than losing a perfect shot because you can’t find the right button.

Tell your guide you want good photos
Most safari-goers don’t put an emphasis on photography, therefore, be sure to let the camp up front and inform your guide when you get there. A guide’s job is to make sure you see as much wildlife as possible but that doesn’t mean the views will be from angles best for photography. If your guide knows what you want he’ll keep it in mind when he positions the car.

A wildebeest crossing offers a lot of photographic possibilities.

Be patient
The reality of wildlife photography is there’s a lot of waiting, but if you put in the time you’ll usually be rewarded. A cat in a tree, for example, has to come down sometime. If it’s near sundown there’s a good chance you’ll see it descend in order to hunt. I waited nearly 3 hours (which is extreme) for a unique shot of a lion in a tree, and almost lost it to the untimely arrival of another jeep entering the frame. But in the end I was thrilled with the results.

Anticipate animal behavior
Safari guides are experts in animal behavior. Ask your guide to tell you what he thinks the animals you’re looking at will do, so that you can be ready to photograph it. Here are a few things I always look for:

* Lions within a pride are very social creatures, if one approaches another get ready for them to nuzzle each other or start to play.

* If a lion is laying down and starts to yawn repeatedly, it’s likely to get up. I have no idea why but it always seems to be the case. It may only walk a few feet and plop down again or it may decide to move to a new location. Either way, it’s moving.

* Speaking of yawning: A lion yawning is a deceptively dramatic shot your audience will think is a roar or a snarl. Don’t miss it.

This is an example of an environmental photo. Framing the shot so that the tree and the kill are included, providing the image with context.

* If you spot an elephant kicking at the ground, there’s a good chance it will use the loosened soil to dust itself by throwing the dirt on its body with its trunk.

* If there is a termite mound or fallen tree, a cheetah is bound to climb it.

African safari photography
If one zebra takes a dust bath, soon they'll all want to.

* When walking single file through the bush, a zebra that rolls on the ground will inspire the zebras behind it to roll in the very same place.

* If you’re watching zebras drink at a watering hole, their concern for predators makes them run away at the drop of a hat, only to return seconds later.

* Wildebeest gather in a giant clump at the water’s edge before attempting to cross a river during the migration, but once one wildebeest is brave enough to start swimming the rest of the herd is bound to follow. Make sure you’re ready.

View from the main deck: Elephants at the Molori Safari Lodge watering hole.

Frame wider
An animal can move erratically so keep your frame wider than you might for any other subject. You’ll be less likely to cut off something important if it changes direction, starts to run, or does almost anything else you’re not prepared for.

Get a mixture of close-ups, environmental portraits and details
A good collection of images will include variation. Shoot close-ups, environmental portraits (a wide-angle shot of an animal in its surroundings), and details such as the trunk and tusks above.

A classic panning shot. Shutter speed 1/40 of a second.

Try panning
A great way to convey movement in a photograph is with a panning shot. It’s where a portion of the image is in focus (usually the head if it’s an animal) while the rest of the photo is blurred. It takes practice but once you get the hang of it it’s a great effect.
1. Set your camera to continuous shooting or burst mode
2. Lower your shutter speed. I range between 1/30 to 1/60. Play with the speed to get the look you want.
3. Focus on the head of your subject and hold down on the shutter as the animal runs across your field of vision. It doesn’t really work if they are coming at you. The lower the shutter speed the more abstract the blur will be.

Read about a safari experience in Kenya and find more safari wildlife images in Tom's post, An Africa Photo Safari, Maasai Mara, Kenya.

Susan Portnoy is freelance travel writer, award-winning photographer, and the creator of The Insatiable Traveler blog. Though she loves world travel, she’s a confessed safari addict, having been over 10 times in 5 countries. Her work has been featured by USA Today, US News & World Report,, HuffPost, Yahoo Travel, Wendy Perrin, and The Associated Press. You can follow her on Instagram, Facebook and Twitter.

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15 thoughts on “Tips for Capturing Great Wildlife Photography on an African Safari”

  1. Brilliant photos. I don’t think I could possibly come close to images as good as these. We are going back to South Africa later this year. Last year I used a small point and shoot with a 40x zoom and a fixed lens. Iwas happy with the results but they could have been much better. I like a small camera because we cycle a lot and I don’t want to lug around a lot of gear while we are on our bikes, but I am considering up-grading for our next trip to Sth Africa just so I can get better wildlife shots.

  2. If you don’t think you would use an upgraded camera for your other travels, don’t do it just for your trip to South Africa. Save yourself some $$ and rent via Lensrental or borrowlenses. It’s easy and so much more affordable than buying a whole new camera.

  3. Yet more inspiration to get more serious about photography. However, don’t put off your African wildlife safari until you learn more about photography. I took photos with a Galaxy S4 phone (yes, I’m embarrassed). Fortunately, we were in an open air land rover and the animals were so unafraid of humans that we could get right up close and personal with lions (what big teeth you have), rhinos, elephants , giraffes and even a leopard in a tree.

  4. I’ve been on safari in Kenya and South Africa. As I read through this excellent article, I mentally checked off the advice; most of which I had used with the exception of the “hide.” I had never heard of that before. The photos are so beautiful; makes me want to return to Africa SOON!

  5. These photographies are breathtaking, so beautiful and technically on point. I think though that if you really want to take nice pictures you cannot just “familiarize” with your gear like you say. I have been in this photography world for about 4years now and I think that it would be only now when I would be able to capture nice shots. Also, I think it would be nice to comment how much that tele lens mentioned above actually costs! I absolutely loved this post and I am green with envy here, thanks for sharing!

    • Hi Jenn- Thanks so much for your kind and thoughtful commentary.

      To purchase the 200-400mm lens by Canon is approximately $11,000. To rent the lens, it depends on how many days you intend to have it.

      So happy you enjoyed the piece.


  6. Super helpful tips. Never been to Africa on a safari before, but you make it look really awesome and fun experience and this post offers such great advice.

  7. Never been on the great African Continent, but you make it seem really nice and beautiful when captured on camera. Nice pictures – makes me want to return to visit soonest.


  8. Thanks so much for this article, we’ve done our share of African wildlife safaris and learn something each time. Articles like this one are so useful, even to those of us who consider themselves veterans. Great article, great advice, I learnt some useful tips from it.


  9. Great and varied tips for wildlife photography! I especially loved the tips related to animal behavior, these are so true! We’re addicted to both, wildlife photography and African safaris. Just cannot get enough of it! After five other African countries (including South Africa), we’re now exploring Namibia.


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